United States Constitutional Amendments 1-27
– Freedom of Religion, Speech and the Press; Rights of Assembly and Petition.
- Right to Bear Arms; The amendment was adopted so that Congress could not disarm a state militia.
– Housing of Soldiers; Grew directly out of an old complaint against the British, who had forced people to take soldiers into their homes.
– Search and Seizure; You may not be searched or have property seized without probable cause and/or a search warrant.
- Rights of the accused; (Self-incrimination, Double Jeopardy, Due Process, Just Compensation)
- Rights to a Fair Trial; (Speedy and Public Trial by Jury*, Tried in state where crime was committed, Informed of charges against accused, Witnesses, Right to a lawyer)
- Rights in Civil Cases; (Trial by jury in civil cases over $20)
– Cruel and Unusual Punishment; Bails, fines and punishments must be humane and fit the crime committed
– Rights Retained by the People; Any rights not listed in the Constitution are still protected
– Powers Retained by the States and the People; States or people have all powers not given to national government. (ie: marriage)
– Lawsuits Against States; It is impossible for the citizen of one state to sue another state. (So, Salem canŐt sue Iowa)
– Election of President and Vice President; (1804) Provides that members of the electoral college (called electors), vote for one person as president and one person as vice president.
– Abolition of Slavery; 1st CIVIL WAR AMENDMENT - Slavery is illegal
- Civil Rights; 2nd CIVIL WAR AMENDMENT - Slaves receive Citizenship and protection of due process
– African American Suffrage; 3rd CIVIL WAR AMENDMENT - African Americans receive the right to vote...note that there is no mention of genderÉ
– Income Taxes; Congress has the power to lay and collect taxes on incomes
- Direct Election of Senators; The states have the power to directly elect senators to represent them. (before this, the state legislature decided who the senators were)
- Prohibition of Liquor; (1919) Forbade people to make, sell, or transport liquor.
-WomenŐs Suffrage; Gives women the power to vote
- Terms of President and Congress; Moves the date that newly elected presidents and members of Congress take office close to election time. President: January 20th, Congress: January 3rd
-Repeal of Prohibition; Repeals the 18th amendment.
- Limitation of Presidents to Two Terms; No person can be elected president more than twice.
- Suffrage in the District of Columbia; Allows citizens of Washington D.C. to vote in the presidential elections. However, they cannot vote for members of Congress.
-Poll Taxes; Forbids making voters pay a poll tax before they can vote in a national election.
- Presidential Disability and Succession; If president is removed, dies, or resigns, the vice president becomes president. The president fulfills a vice president vacancy, by a majority vote of both Houses of Congress.
- Suffrage for 18-Year-Olds; Voting age moved to 18
- Congressional Pay Raises; Any increase in congressional pay does not go into effect until after the next regular election of the House of Representatives.